What Are The Neurosurgical Options For The Treatment Of Brain Cysts?
The brain is an extremely important organ that controls the other organs in the body, but there are many medical conditions that could hinder its regular functioning. Brain cysts, for instance, can cause a variety of neurological symptoms and problems.
What are brain cysts?
Dr Parth Jani, consultant neurosurgeon, HCG Hospitals, Ahmedabad explained that brain cysts, commonly referred to as ‘intracranial cysts’, are fluid-filled sacs or cavities that can form within the brain. “The size and location of these cysts can vary, and they may include cerebrospinal fluid, blood, or other substances. While some people may live their lives with small, asymptomatic cysts, others may suffer from severe health issues because of larger or dangerous cysts,” he said.
Causes and types
According to the doctor, brain cysts can develop from a variety of underlying reasons:
Arachnoid cysts: They occur between the arachnoid membrane, one of the protective layers covering the brain, and the surface of the brain. They are frequently congenital and may not appear until later in life.
Colloid cysts: Colloid cysts are often seen in the brain’s third ventricle, obstructing the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. This obstruction can cause hydrocephalus, a disorder that causes headaches and vision issues.
Epidermoid and dermoid cysts: These uncommon cysts form from the skin cell remnants and can be seen in diverse sites throughout the brain. They include a range of components, including skin cells, hair, and oil, and if they press against neighboring brain tissue, they may cause symptoms.